Friendship quality and social development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, Two Authors List by their last names and initials. Use the ampersand instead of "and. Mood management across affective states: The hedonic contingency hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66, Three to Seven Authors List by last names and initials; commas separate author names, while the last author name is preceded again by ampersand.
Kernis, M. There's more to self-esteem than whether it is high or low: The importance of stability of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, More Than Seven Authors List by last names and initials; commas separate author names.
After the sixth author's name, use an ellipsis in place of the author names. Then provide the final author name. There should be no more than seven names. For more information about MLA style, please consult a handbook. In general annotations condense the substance of a source by reducing it to its main points, which are summarized in a few sentences.
Essential Tip! The process of determining what to put into your annotation and of writing the annotation will take some time since it requires that you see the source as a whole and in its parts. Once drafted, annotations require extensive editing for correctness, conciseness, and clarity. Useful Tip! For a more complete list of the sorts of annotations that are acceptable in academic contexts, visit this University of Wisconsin and Madison Writing Center web page: Pay special attention to the "Combination" pattern shown at the bottom.
Combination is the kind of annotation most common in advanced composition. Follow the names with the year the work was published in parenthesis. Write out all other authors for a reference if there are more than two authors for the first reference in the narrative text. All other references to the multiple authors should feature the last name of the first author, followed by "et al.
However, Battle relies too heavily on his own work; he is the sole or primary author of almost half the sources in his bibliography. He could make this work stronger by drawing from the perspectives of others' analyses. However, Battle does offer a valuable source for this essay, because the chapter provides a concise overview of government-funded assistance currently available to parents.
This offers context for analyzing the scope and financial reality of child poverty in Canada. Kerr, D. Child poverty and family structure in Canada, Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 34 3 ,
When done in this manner, both your citations and annotations will be nearly complete before you begin to write the body of your paper. How do I make an annotated bibliography? If you took notes during the research stage using the format of your paper, this might be as simple as copying and pasting your already written summary or critique. Workers how to indicate this article go beyond the relevant bib entries about articles, invert the author's point of.
Write a concise annotation that summarizes the central theme and scope of the book or article. When done in this manner, both your citations and annotations will be nearly complete before you begin to write the body of your paper. Single Author Last name first, followed by author initials.
There's no evidence that anyone has gotten sick from any of this" 3. Child Development, 66, Consider some of these elements as you review each source: Who is the intended audience? New York: Berkeley.
Your annotations should include either the main points from the source, as well as the topics covered, the approach used and any findings, or your critical evaluation. Educational Psychologist, 34, Your sources may be organized alphabetically by author or title, by the publication date, or by subject.
For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. Sample welcome speech essay on save birds how to cite your own research question. In the next section, you will find an annotated bibliography MLA example and also an annotated bibliography example APA visual, which includes the full page formatting. There's no evidence that anyone has gotten sick from any of this" 3. How to sample pages are good s in india and two authors would you research on toward increasing.
Introductions, Prefaces, Forewords, and Afterwords Cite the publishing information about a book as usual, but cite Introduction, Preface, Foreword, or Afterword whatever title is applicable as the chapter of the book. Depending on the style guide you follow, you may also see this called a Works Cited or Reference List. By reading and responding to a variety of sources on a topic, you'll start to see what the issues are, what people are arguing about, and you'll then be able to develop your own point of view. Not to write a list. Effects of mood on high elaboration attitude change: The mediating role of likelihood judgments.
This example is based on the APA style guide, but your instructor might give you other formatting instructions. For information on the author's background and views, ask at the reference desk for help finding appropriate biographical reference materials and book review sources. Child Development, 66, If the author used the research of others, are the sources the author cites credible?
Check out the other helpful pages on EasyBib. The author, Mark Forsyth, examines the rhetorical devices used in the English language, analyzing the patterns and formats that create memorable quotes. Introducing the journal citation is a bibliography. In contrast, an earlier study by Williams cited below shows no significant gender differences in sex role attitudes as a result of nonfamily living. That names separated with two authors has two authors.
Briefly examine and review the actual items. Examples Dembart, Lee. Is this source current? Other contributors names and roles , Version,.