How To Cite The Name Of Something In An Essay

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Nancy Lyninger London: wikiHow Publishing, Essay found in print journal: 2. For example: 2. Essay accessed through online database: use the exact same format as that for the print journal, but add the doi digital object identifier if available. If not available, add the url. For example: 3. You can provide only the name and page number, or name, shortened title, and essay number.

In-text Citation - APA Quick Citation Guide - Library Guides at Penn State University

Either way, you include a note pointing the reader to the first note for that source, where they can find full bibliographic information. Meisner, Meisner, how Way The Live," If you have multiple authors with the same last name, something include the first name. For example: The Meisner, However, many people sample essay my favourite relative to create a consolidated list of sources.

While the notes are numbered and appear in the order in name healthcare argumentative essay topics sources appear, the bibliography is alphabetized. Teaching native speakers to listen to foreign-accented speech. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, the 4Thomas, H.

Titles of books and reports are italicized or underlined; titles of articles and chapters are in quotation marks. A similar study was done of students learning to format research papers "Using APA," Note: In the rare case the "Anonymous" is used for the author, treat it as the author's name Anonymous, In the reference list, use the name Anonymous as the author. Organization as an Author: If the author is an organization or a government agency, mention the organization in the signal phrase or in the parenthetical citation the first time you cite the source. According to the American Psychological Association , If the organization has a well-known abbreviation, include the abbreviation in brackets the first time the source is cited and then use only the abbreviation in later citations. Berndt, ; Harlow, Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year: If you have two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters a, b, c with the year to order the entries in the reference list. Use the lower-case letters with the year in the in-text citation. Research by Berndt a illustrated that Personal Communication: For interviews, letters, e-mails, and other person-to-person communication, cite the communicator's name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8th ed. Both books provide extensive examples, so it's a good idea to consult them if you want to become even more familiar with MLA guidelines or if you have a particular reference question. Basic in-text citation rules In MLA Style, referring to the works of others in your text is done using parenthetical citations. This method involves providing relevant source information in parentheses whenever a sentence uses a quotation or paraphrase. Usually, the simplest way to do this is to put all of the source information in parentheses at the end of the sentence i. However, as the examples below will illustrate, there are situations where it makes sense to put the parenthetical elsewhere in the sentence, or even to leave information out. General Guidelines The source information required in a parenthetical citation depends 1 upon the source medium e. Any source information that you provide in-text must correspond to the source information on the Works Cited page. More specifically, whatever signal word or phrase you provide to your readers in the text must be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of the corresponding entry on the Works Cited page. In-text citations: Author-page style MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the page number s from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page. The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number s should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence. For example: Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Wordsworth Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process Both citations in the examples above, and Wordsworth , tell readers that the information in the sentence can be located on page of a work by an author named Wordsworth. If readers want more information about this source, they can turn to the Works Cited page, where, under the name of Wordsworth, they would find the following information: Wordsworth, William. Lyrical Ballads. So here you would not want to quote the middle sentence, since it is repeated again in the more informative last sentence. However, just skipping it would not work -- the final sentence would not make sense without it. So, you have to change the wording a little bit. In order to do so, you will need to use some editing symbols. He tends to serve himself badly To make a substitution this important, however, you had better be sure that [money] is what the final phrase meant -- if the author intentionally left it ambiguous, you would be significantly altering his meaning. That would make you guilty of fraudulent attribution. In this case, however, the paragraph following the one quoted explains that the author is referring to money, so it is okay. As a general rule, it is okay to make minor grammatical and stylistic changes to make the quoted material fit in your paper, but it is not okay to significantly alter the structure of the material or its content. Quoting within Quotes When you have "embedded quotes," or quotations within quotations, you should switch from the normal quotation marks "" to single quotation marks '' to show the difference. The exact formatting requirements for long quotations differ depending on the citation style. In general, however, if you are quoting more than 3 lines of material, you should do the following: change the font to one noticeably smaller in a document that is mostly 12 point font, you should use a 10 point font, for example double indent the quotation -- that means adjusting the left and right margins so that they are about one inch smaller than the main body of your paper if you have this option in your word-processor, "left-justify" the text. That means make it so that each line begins in the same place, creating a straight line on the left side of the quotation, while the right side is jagged do NOT use quotation marks for the entire quotation -- the graphic changes you have made already changing the font, double indenting, etc. For quotations within that quotation, use normal quotation marks, not single ones you might want to skip 1. Yet it was not an easy task for him. This was due to his still lingering sense of pride and skepticism Although it stood with its head raised, even its yellowed wings had been eaten by insects. If you mention the author by name in the sentence, the year appears in parentheses immediately after it. For example: Morrow argues that "quoted material" p. The page number always appears immediately after the quoted or referenced material appears. For example: Morrow argues that cats bring their owners dead squirrels out of spite p. If you don't name the author in the sentence, put all three pieces of information in the parenthetical citation. For example: It may be argued that cats bring their owners dead squirrels out of spite Morrow, , p. The order of information in the parenthetical always goes Author, Year, Page. The first essay will be considered "a," the second "b," and so on. Add this letter designation to the year in the in-text citation to show which essay you're discussing. You would list the year for "Summer in the South" as a. For example: Morrow argues that "the heat contributes to the slowness of southern culture" a, p. Imagine that you have essays by Morgan Morrow and Timothy Morrow, but you want to cite Morgan's essay: It could be argued that "the heat contributes to the slowness of southern culture" M. Morrow, a, p. Essay found in a print anthology: LastName, FirstInitial. Year of publication. Title of chapter in sentence case. In First Initial. MiddleInitial EditorsName Eds. Location: Publisher. Year of Publication. Title of article in sentence case. The catch is that there are actually two system of Chicago formatting. The notes-bibliography system: used in the humanities literature, history and the arts. It provides notes at the bottom of the page, and sometimes a full bibliography at the end of the text. The author-date system: used the physical, natural, and social sciences. Below are examples of using in-text citation with web pages. Web page with author: Role-play can help children learn techniques for coping with bullying Kraiser, Reference entry Kraizer, S. Preventing bullying. Reference entry All things Nittany. Reference entry American Psychological Association.

In such cases, give the page number how your edition making sure the edition is listed in your Works Cited page, of course followed by a semicolon, and then the appropriate abbreviations for volume vol. For example: Marx and Engels described human history as marked by class struggles 79; ch.

How to cite the name of something in an essay

See also our page on documenting periodicals in the Works Cited. Citing authors with same last names Sometimes more information is necessary to identify how to write a 1000 essay source from name a quotation is how.

For instance, if two or more authors have the same last name, provide both authors' first initials or even the authors' full name if something authors share initials in your citation. For example: Although some medical ethicists cite that cloning will lead to designer children R. Miller 12others note that the advantages for medical the outweigh this essay A. Miller JSTOR, doi According to Franck et al.

How to cite the name of something in an essay

The authors claim that one essay of obesity in the United States is government-funded farm subsidies Franck et al. A similar study was done of students learning to format research papers "Using APA," Note: In the rare case the "Anonymous" is used for the author, treat it as the author's name Anonymous, In the reference list, use the name Anonymous as the author.

Instead, write, "the reference to her brother's saintliness is ironic" or "the seemingly random association of images suggests freedom. Remember, these words can begin a sentence or can connect two name clauses using the following punctuation: "Woolf's writing can be highly sarcastic and playful; how, in To The Lighthousethe the is somber and elegiac. Titles of books should be underlined or put in italics. Titles of essays, essays and poems are in "quotation cites.

Organization as an Author: If the author is an organization or a government agency, mention the organization in the signal phrase or in the parenthetical citation the first time you cite the source. According to the American Psychological AssociationIf the organization has a well-known abbreviation, include the abbreviation in brackets the first time the source is cited and then use only the abbreviation in later citations.

How to cite the name of something in an essay

Then, at the bottom of the page you could reprint the symbol and insert your comment. Here is an example: This is an illustration of a footnote. See how it fits in the body of the text.

When your the comes across the footnote in the something cite of your paper, he or she could look down at your comments right away, or else continue reading the paragraph and read your comments at the end.

Because this essays it convenient for your reader, most citation styles require that you use name footnotes or endnotes in your paper. Some, however, allow you to make parenthetical references author, date in the body of your work.

See our section on citation styles how name information.

For example: 15 July APA is the formatting style for the American Psychological Association, but it's used in the social sciences, business, and nursing as well. In APA, though, you must add a third element: the year in which the essay was published. A further difference from MLA is that you include the in-text citation wherever the cited information is. If you mention the author by name in the sentence, the year appears in parentheses immediately after it. For example: Morrow argues that "quoted material" p. The page number always appears immediately after the quoted or referenced material appears. For example: Morrow argues that cats bring their owners dead squirrels out of spite p. If you don't name the author in the sentence, put all three pieces of information in the parenthetical citation. For example: It may be argued that cats bring their owners dead squirrels out of spite Morrow, , p. The order of information in the parenthetical always goes Author, Year, Page. The first essay will be considered "a," the second "b," and so on. Add this letter designation to the year in the in-text citation to show which essay you're discussing. You would list the year for "Summer in the South" as a. For example: Morrow argues that "the heat contributes to the slowness of southern culture" a, p. Imagine that you have essays by Morgan Morrow and Timothy Morrow, but you want to cite Morgan's essay: It could be argued that "the heat contributes to the slowness of southern culture" M. Morrow, a, p. Essay found in a print anthology: LastName, FirstInitial. Year of publication. Title of chapter in sentence case. In First Initial. MiddleInitial EditorsName Eds. Location: Publisher. Year of Publication. Title of article in sentence case. There is no virtue. You ought to use an indentation of an additional quarter inch on the initial line of every paragraph. Quoting a poetry. When you need to quote an entire poem or a fragment from a poetry, you ought to preserve the original formatting style of the verses. Insert or leave out words in citations. This may be helpful when you are required to modify the significance of the quote to some extent, for the purpose of providing an adequate context or eliminating certain parts that may be irrelevant to your ideas. Use ellipses … when you wish to leave out a fragment that is irrelevant to your paper. Quoting more than one writer. Quoting Internet articles. Use "double quotation marks" within the blocked quotation for direct speech or a title. Here's an example from Adrienne Rich's "Sources. Punctuation comes after the citation. Example: "Is it possible that dreams may express "profound aspects of personality" Foulkes, , ? An effective conclusion might answer the question "So what? Or it might echo the introduction, underscoring the larger significance of your thesis now that we understand its complexity. Most important: If you know all this, great. If it seems overwhelming, don't despair. You don't have to write papers alone. Jones's study found the following: Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time citing sources. According to Jones , APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners. APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners Jones, , p. Citing an Author or Authors Two Authors: Name both authors in the signal phrase or in the parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word "and" between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in the parentheses. Research by Wegener and Petty supports Kernis et al. Six or More Authors: Use the first author's name followed by et al. Harris et al. Titles of books and reports are italicized or underlined; titles of articles and chapters are in quotation marks. A similar study was done of students learning to format research papers "Using APA," Quoting within Quotes When you have "embedded quotes," or quotations within quotations, you should switch from the normal quotation marks "" to single quotation marks '' to show the difference. The exact formatting requirements for long quotations differ depending on the citation style. In general, however, if you are quoting more than 3 lines of material, you should do the following: change the font to one noticeably smaller in a document that is mostly 12 point font, you should use a 10 point font, for example double indent the quotation -- that means adjusting the left and right margins so that they are about one inch smaller than the main body of your paper if you have this option in your word-processor, "left-justify" the text. That means make it so that each line begins in the same place, creating a straight line on the left side of the quotation, while the right side is jagged do NOT use quotation marks for the entire quotation -- the graphic changes you have made already changing the font, double indenting, etc. For quotations within that quotation, use normal quotation marks, not single ones you might want to skip 1. Yet it was not an easy task for him. This was due to his still lingering sense of pride and skepticism Although it stood with its head raised, even its yellowed wings had been eaten by insects. He thought of his entire life and felt tears and cruel laughter welling up inside. All that remained for him was madness or suicide. Listing References What's a Bibliography? A bibliography is a list of all of the sources you have used in the process of researching your work. In general, a bibliography should include: the authors' names the titles of the works the names and locations of the companies that published your copies of the sources the dates your copies were published the page numbers of your sources if they are part of multi-source volumes OK, So What's an Annotated Bibliography? An annotated bibliography is the same as a bibliography with one important difference: in an annotated bibliography, the bibliographic information is followed by a brief description of the content, quality, and usefulness of the source. What Are Footnotes? Footnotes are notes placed at the bottom of a page. They cite references or comment on a designated part of the text above it.

Footnotes are not just for interesting comments, however. Sometimes they simply refer to relevant sources -- they let your reader know where certain material came from or where they can look for other sources on the cite. Note: when indenting a quote, how do not need quotation marks name the something quotation. Use "double essay marks" within the blocked quotation for direct speech or a title.

how to do a pear review of an essay Here's an example from How Rich's "Sources. the

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Punctuation comes after the citation. Example: "Is it possible that dreams may express "profound aspects of personality" Foulkes. Lyrical Ballads. London: Oxford U. In-Text Citations for Print Sources with No Known Author When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an cite name.

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Place the title in quotation which two elements are being compared in the essay if it's a short work e. Afterwards, you need to add the entire fragment while preserving the same margin.

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Date of Access. You can either do this in the introduction or the body of the citation. It's sometimes hard to resist the desire to rehash a novel's plot. How Do I Cite Sources?

If the fragment includes more than one paragraph, you should add an name indentation of 0. Your citation must also include double spacing. Stick to the same rule that we cited when we talked something brief fragments — indicate the writer, how, and page essay. You can either do this in the introduction or the body of the citation.

A the of citations should be separated by semicolons, e. Finally, you should note the placement of the period AFTER the parenthetical citation - the citation, too, is proficiently write an essay of a sentence,e.

See Full Citation. How Often Should I Quote? When the reader sees a quote or idea that they would like to know more about, they will look up the source author by the last name you listed in the in-text citation. In-text references How you cite a working within your document varies depending on your writing style, whether you are quoting your source directly, and the type of source you are quoting. You should quote material when you believe the way the original author expresses an idea is the most effective means of communicating the point you want to make. Lyrical Ballads. Any source information that you provide in-text must correspond to the source information on the Works Cited page. This lets the reader know where one citation ends and the next one begins. For example, say you want to add an interesting comment to a sentence you have written, but the comment is not directly related to the argument of your paragraph.